Ayutthaya, the Ancient Capital of Thailand (Siam)


Ayutthaya is an ancient capital and modern
city in the Central Plains of Thailand, 85 km north of Bangkok. Founded around 1350, Ayutthaya became the
second capital of Siam after Sukhothai. Throughout the centuries, an ideal location between China,
India, and the Malay Archipelago made Ayutthaya the trading capital of Asia and even the world.
By 1700 Ayutthaya had become the largest city in the world with a total of 1 million inhabitants.
In foreign accounts, Ayutthaya was called Siam, but many sources say the people of Ayutthaya
called themselves Tai, and their kingdom Krung Tai, ‘Tai Kingdom’. Many international merchants set sail for
Ayutthaya, from diverse regions as the Arab world, China, India, Japan, Portugal, the
Netherlands, and France. Merchants from Europe proclaimed Ayutthaya as the finest city they
had ever seen. Dutch and French maps of the city show grandeur with gold-laden palaces,
large ceremonies, and a visiting flotilla of trading vessels from all over the world.
All this came to a quick end when the Burmese invaded Ayutthaya in 1767 and almost completely
burnt the city to the ground. Today, only a few remains give a glimpse of
the impressive city they must have seen. Its remains are characterized by the prang (reliquary
towers) and big monasteries. Most of the remains are temples and palaces, as those were the
only buildings made of stone at that time. In 1969 the Fine Arts Department began with
renovations of the ruins, which became more serious after it was declared a historical
park in 1976. The great cultural value of Ayutthaya’s ruins was officially recognized
in 1991, when the historic city became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its proximity to Bangkok
make it a popular day-trip destination for travellers from that city.

14 comments

  • កិម ឡេង

    this is TAI 's temple?

  • Joy T.

    Khmer stupid need claim Thailand…

  • Nueachai

    Thailand and Cambodia are not copied from anyone, Thailand and Cambodia have been civilized from India, so civilization as well, Thai civilization will do India with similarities and Khmer culture
    But Cambodia likes that Thailand is copying, but Cambodia destroys its own civilization, making Thailand prosperous.

  • Kolan Samuels

    Look Thailand , your country in modern times is beautiful with amazing temples and architectural sites and buildings. But lest not forget, most of the temples and land was originally Khmer Empires. Cambodia was just as amazing as Thailand is today. But times have change , we as the khmers just want some acknowledgement and respect

  • Banate Guano

    Claimbodian have low I.Q.

  • Kolan Samuels

    Go to think if you don’t believe me https://www.refworld.org/docid/49749c9b37.html

  • Vy Youlong

    It not belong to thai

  • Vy Youlong

    It belong to Cambodia because Thai is thief that steal Cambodia country

  • Tol Pisal

    Built by khmer king but thai steal

  • Tol Pisal

    This country alway steal everything from cambodia

  • Amitar Ami

    เขมรโสโครกเสือกไปทุกคลิปอีเหี้ย

  • Amitar Ami

    ทำยังไงให้เขมรหายโง่

  • Kingdom of Temples, Cambodia

    Thailand not steal cultures from Cambodia but it got influences from Cambodia since it was a small tribe or group in Khmer Empire Era.

  • TaeTae Pie

    Guys Thailand did not steal from Khmr. Thailand Acient city , Ayuttahya is based on Buddishm. Khmr is based on Hindu. Both were originaly influenced by India. Can you guys get it? Thailand is not copying no one. It’s there own culture style. But I think some people from Khmr think they own everything. Remeber Thailand has never got colonies by any Europeans but the rest of Southeast Asia was.

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