LEAST Explored Places On Earth!

From deep jungles with exotic species, to
newly discovered islands, here are 10 of some of the least explored places on earth…. 10. Star Mountains, Papua New Guinea The Star Mountains, in the Western Province
of Papua New Guinea, is a virtually undisturbed region of the country. Due to the difficulty of traveling in the
area, it wasn’t until recently that researchers were able to start detailed explorations to
learn more about the wildlife that lives there. The one noticeable man-made feature in the
Star Mountains is one of the largest copper mines in the world, located in the town of
Tabubil. In the past few years, teams have been using
the town as a staging post to investigate the surrounding jungle, and have made some
amazing discoveries. Using helicopters to get around, the forest
was moist and mossy, and home to a wide variety of different species. They found that the Star Mountains are home
to an incredibly diverse range of botanical species; finding more than 700 different plant
varieties, of which 28 had never been seen before. More than 180 butterfly species have also
been found, along with 100 different types of ants, and 26 species of frogs. They also found a new type of reptile, and
a new type of fish too. As such an unexplored place, this is likely
to be just the beginning of what lies in the Star Mountains, and further expeditions will
delve deeper and are sure to find even more new species of animals and plants. 9. Northern Forest Complex, Myanmar Between 1962 and 2011, Myanmar, which was
formerly known as Burma, was under the rule of an oppressive military junta. Among reports of gross human rights violations,
and the suppression of voices that spoke out against the leaders, the country was subject
to international condemnation and sanctions. One of the consequences to this was that the
lush jungles of the country, in particular, the northern forest complex, remained largely
unexplored and uncharted. With no international industry or tourism,
speculation ran rife as to what kind of wildlife could be hiding in the jungle- with suggestions
it could be one of the last regions where Asian elephants, clouded leopards, tigers,
and sub bears still roamed free. Following the deposition of the military junta
in 2011, researchers were finally allowed into the country to investigate the wildlife
that was there- with a view to argue some regions should be declared as nature reserves. What they found in their 2-month journey was
almost unbelievable to them. Not only did they witness large herds of elephants,
but a further 27 species that are classified as being endangered or vulnerable- including
sun bears and two types of rare cats. Unspoiled by the actions seen elsewhere in
the world, the wealth of wildlife shows that it’s been a good thing that large regions
of Myanmar have rarely been explored, and it’s hoped that action can be taken to protect
these species as the country becomes more integrated with the international community. 8. Cape Melville, Australia Despite being an advanced country, there’s
a region in Australia that’s often referred to as ‘the lost world’. Due to its unique geography, the Cape Melville
mountain range has remained largely unexplored, and it was only in recent years that researchers
learned how much there was to discover here. The mountain range is covered with millions
of black granite boulders, many of which are the size of cars and houses, and reach more
than 1000 feet high. The boulder fields at the base of the mountain
had been explored, but a rainforest canopy high up the mountain remained out of reach
because of this impenetrable natural wall. Within days of arriving in 2013, though, a
research team had found three new species; a leaf tail gecko, a gold-colored skink, and
a brown spotted yellow boulder-dwelling frog- none of which had ever been seen before. Further expeditions are planned for the region,
which is only reachable by helicopter, and it’s hoped that the initial finds are only
just the beginning of what’s out there. And now for number 7, but first if you are
a returning subscriber welcome back! And if you are new here, be sure to subscribe
so you don’t miss out on the latest videos!! 7. Northern Patagonia, Chile Northern Patagonia is the most sparsely populated
region of the country and remains largely unexplored because of the difficulty in accessing
the area. The ice field, full of glaciers and fjords,
is one of the largest masses of ice in the world outside of the poles and has only been
accessible by road since the 1980s. The Carretera Austral, as the ‘road’ is
known, is made up mostly of gravel, and is the only link with the outside world for the
small towns and nature reserves. Despite its remoteness, there are some stunning
places to visit- such as the Marble Caves of General Carrera Lake, the Baker River,
and of course the glaciers. Away from the well-trodden routes, the terrain
is very inhospitable, though, so it’ll probably be a long time until it can be explored more
fully. 6. Mount Namuli, Mozambique Mozambique is a country that’s struggled with
a civil war which, along with the difficulties in accessing some regions, have left its second
highest mountain, Mount Namuli, one of the last mountains Africa to remain virtually
unexplored. The first scientific expedition on the southeastern
face of the 7936-foot tall mountain took place in 2011, and since then only a handful more
have scaled the heights. The trip was well worth it, though, with unexplored
hanging forests and outcrops of vegetation being home to various species, such as 5 types
of ant never before seen in Mozambique, a species of snake that was new to science,
and the southernmost spotting of the elusive snake-like amphibian called a Caecilian. While the political climate in the country
is now more open for explorations of places like Mount Namuli, there still remain a number
of obstacles. The remoteness and lack of roads make access
difficult, and because of the civil war, there are still unmarked land mines hidden all around. Despite this, a few intrepid explorers still
make the journey, and one day this place’s biodiversity will be much better understood. 5. Vale Do Javari, Brazil The Amazon rainforest is well known for its
dense undergrowth and wealth of wildlife, but most of it still remains largely unexplored. One region, in particular, is particularly
difficult to reach… Vale Do Javari in Brazil. Home to some of the most dangerous animals
on earth, such as jaguars, anacondas, piranhas, black caimans, and Brazilian wandering spiders,
as well as at least 14 uncontacted tribes… this is a very inhospitable place. The year-round rain, heavy flooding, and turbulent
currents in the river make it extremely difficult to safely explore- and there’s also the obvious
risks involved with meeting the tribes for fear of introducing new diseases and destroying
their way of life. Vale Do Javari is, therefore, a restricted
area with strict no-contact laws, which means very few outsiders have had the chance to
explore. For the sake of the people that live there,
let’s hope it remains this way for a long time to come! 4. Kamchatka, Russia Known locally as the ‘land of Volcanoes’,
the Kamchatka peninsula is on the extreme eastern edge of Russia. The region is covered with volcanoes and geysers,
glaciers and mountains… and has been visited by very few outsiders. In fact, until 1990, it was closed to all
foreigners, and Russians needed a special permit to be able to enter. Those who are lucky enough to visit, though,
are treated to one of the world’s last true wildernesses. With a wide range of plant varieties and countless
animal and bird species… including a large population of brown bears, there’s possibly
nowhere else on earth with such a pristine landscape. The volcanoes here are a UNESCO world heritage
site, and the 10,121-foot tall edge of the crater lake of Tolbachik is a particularly
beautiful spot. Tourism and expeditions are becoming far more
common in the region now, so it might not be long until far more is known of Kamchatka. 3. New Hebrides Trench, Pacific Ocean Deep-sea trenches are notoriously difficult
to explore. While the Mariana trench in the western Pacific
has drawn attention because it’s the deepest known one, the least explored is the New Hebrides
Trench, which is on the edge of the Coral Sea between the islands of Vanuatu and New
Caledonia. The trench is 750 miles long and 45 miles
wide and reaches depths of more than 25,000 feet. It was first discovered in 1910 by a German
navy vessel, but the first team to actually investigate the waters of the trench visited
in late 2013. During this expedition, large grey cusk eels
were found as deep as 23,000 feet, along with various other species of eel, and crustaceans
such as bright red prawns, that scurried around on the seafloor. The most surprising thing to the researchers
was the lack of fish called grenadiers, which have been found in most other deep-sea trenches
in the region. Why they haven’t made it here, and what
else may be taking their place is not yet clear, and will require far more investigation
to find out. 2. Greenland In a world where satellites orbit and image
the surface daily, it’s very rare that a new island is found. That’s exactly what happened in Greenland,
though, in 2005, when receding ice revealed a new land mass. Resembling a bony claw, this island off the
coast of the country has long evaded cartographers and had been thought to be a mountaintop emerging
above an ice cap. It was only in when an explorer noticed something
unusual as he was flying over Greenland, in an area where the ice had melted, that the
truth was revealed. A series of NASA images of the region show
how this happened. In 1985 it was completely covered in snow
and ice and looked to be a part of the mainland. By 2005, the ice had retreated substantially,
and revealed the formation to be an island… one that likely hadn’t been separated from
the rest of the country for tens of thousands of years. It just goes to show how little we really
know about frozen landscapes. Despite all of the technology at our disposal,
assumptions still have to be made about how land features connect together. As the ice sheets continue to recede, it’s
thought that lots of new islands may be uncovered, and re-work our understanding of the geography
in the area. 1. North Sentinel Island, India North Sentinel Island is a part of the Andaman
archipelago in the Bay of Bengal in India and is completely off-limits to outsiders. The reason for this is because the island
is home to the Sentinelese, one of the last uncontacted tribes to remain unaffected by
modern civilization, and a group of people who have consistently rejected contact with
the outside world. If this sounds familiar, it may be because
of the tragic story of an American visitor who was killed by the tribe on the beach moments
after his arrival. It’s perhaps no surprise, then, that this
is often referred to as the most dangerous island in the world, and one that very few
people have ever visited to safely return. We, therefore, know very little about this
place, its people, and its wildlife. In an attempt to preserve their way of life,
a 3-mile exclusion zone has been created around the island so, as things stand, there are
no plans to explore it. The influx of tourists to the area has affected
the lives of other tribes on nearby islands, though, and there’s great concern that this
may be the ultimate fate faced by the Sentinelese. It’s such a stunning location, surrounded
by clear blue waters, that it may not be feasible for this tribe to be left alone forever. Thanks for watching!! Remember to subscribe and I’ll see you next


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